The Tragedy of the Bunnies Game is a simple game about an important social dilemma that has worried generations of thinkers, from philosophers to biologists.

Valuable resources to which many people have access – resources like oceans, forests, and elephants – are commonly called "common pool" resources. Because overuse of common pool resources can destroy the resource, people have a long-term incentive to use the resource in moderation. However, people also have short-term incentive to exploit the resource as much as possible. When lots of people scramble to "get while the getting is good," the results can be tragic.